European Immigrant Ancestors: Their Experiences and the Records
Find your European immigrant ancestors with direct links to migration records for New York, the US, and Canada between 1820-1920. Discover arrival and departure passenger lists, shipping news, and more for your European immigrant ancestors.
Steerage passenger ID tag (Gjenvick-Gjønvik Archives)
What did your ancestors experience as they left their homes in Europe and sailed to the New World? What happened when they were called before an immigration inspector, and either detained or granted entry to a new country?
This eBook focuses primarily on the second and third waves of immigration, from 1820 to 1920, through New York, the largest port in the U.S. Additional resources for Canadian and other U.S. ports are also included in Chapter 5 of this eBook.
Finding Migration Records
Discover departure and arrival passenger lists, shipping news, permission to emigration, and other records. Essential sites, such as Ancestry and FamilySearch, are included, together with free resources from academic archives, European archives, the National Archives, Library of Congress, and Library Archives Canada.
Unusual resources, such as the Irish Mission at Watson House, can help your brick-wall research.
I. Leaving the Old World
II. Voyaging to the New World
Steerage passengers aboard the RMS Olympic prepare to dock in New York City.
III. Arriving in America
A. U.S. Customs House, 1820-1855
B. Castle Garden, 1855-1890
C. Barge Office, 1890-1891; 1897-1900
D. Ellis Island, 1892-1897; 1900-1954
2. Baggage Room
4. Medical Examinations
5. Registry Room
6. Legal Inspection
7. Detained at Ellis Island
8. Entering the Country
IV. Staying in America
V. Finding Migration Records