Interested in researching your Civilian Conservation Corps relative?
Try the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Enrollee Records.
The CCC was designed to provide jobs for young men, and to relieve their families who could not find work during the Great Depression in the United States, all while improving and conserving open space and parklands.
Oakhurst, California, 1937, Sierra National Forest. Courtesy National Archives
About 300,000 young men ages 17–28 enrolled in the public work relief program that operated from 1933 to 1942 as part of FDR’s New Deal. The typical CCC enrollee was a U.S. citizen, unmarried, unemployed male, 18–25 years of age. Usually a CCC enrollee’s family was on local relief.
After passing a physical exam or physical conditioning, enrollees volunteered for a minimum six-month period, extendable to two years.
The young men of the CCC provided unskilled manual labor for conservation of natural resources in rural lands owned by federal, state and local governments. Enrollees worked 40 hours a week over five days, sometimes including Saturdays. In return they received $30 a month with a compulsory allotment of $22–25 sent to a family dependent, as well as food, clothing, and medical care.
Poster by Albert M. Bender, Illinois WPA Art Project Chicago (1935) (Courtesy Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division digital ID ppmsca.12896)
In 1933, FDR issued an executive order expanding the CCC program to admit veterans, upon certification by Veterans Administration. They could be any age, and married or single if they needed work. These men received additional pay –ranging from $36 to $45 per month – depending on their rating.
‘The American public made the CCC the most popular of all the New Deal programs. Principal benefits of an individual’s enrollment in the CCC included improved physical condition, heightened morale, and increased employability. The CCC also led to a greater public awareness and appreciation of the outdoors and the nation’s natural resources….
…Enrollees planted nearly 3 billion trees to help reforest America, constructed trails, lodges and related facilities in more than 800 parks nationwide and upgraded most state parks, updated forest fire fighting methods, and built a network of service buildings and public roadways in remote areas.’
Researching Your Civilian Conservation Corps Relative